Nashville, the capital of Tennessee and the county seat of Davidson County, is the second most populous city in the state. Located on the Cumberland River, the northern terminus of the Natchez Trace Parkway is located 18 miles southwest of downtown Nashville in the southwest corner of Davidson County.
Nashville is a major hub for the health care, music, publishing, higher education, banking and the transportation industries. Nashville is known worldwide as "Music City USA" and the "Athens of the South".
Nashville was founded by James Robertson, John Donelson, and a party of Wataugans in 1779, and was originally called Fort Nashborough, after the American Revolutionary War hero Francis Nash. Nashville quickly grew because of its prime location, accessibility as a river port, and its later status as a major railroad center. In 1806, Nashville was incorporated as a city. In 1843, the city was named the capital of the state of Tennessee.
Nashville has a consolidated city-county government. The population of Nashville-Davidson County was 619,626 as of 2007 according to the US Census Bureau.